Finding the centre of of a polygon can be useful for many geomtrical analysis and processing techniques.

This quick guide shows you how to find the **centre of a polygon** in python.

# The Centroid

The centre of a polygon is also known as its centroid. It the arithmetic mean position of all the points that make up the polygon.

# How to find the centre of a polygon in python

My preferred package for geometry analysis and processing in python is Shapely which happily for us, has a **built-in method **for finding the centroid of an object.

We can just use:

mypolygon.centroid

This returns a shapely POINT object.

This is all well and good, but in most situations we will want to process this further. So we can do a couple of further things to this centroid.

Firstly we can output it in a more readable way:

mypolygon.centroid.wkt

(‘wkt’ stands for well known text), which outputs:

> 'POINT (3.351351351351351 1.897597597597598)'

Alternatively we can output the centroid as a pair of coordinates:

mypolygon.centroid.coords

(‘wkt’ stands for well known text), which outputs a python list.

> [(3.351351351351351, 1.8975975975975976)]

Which is much more manageable.

hi everyone

i don’t know if someone has already asked this question but can we set a center to a polygon ?

i use shapely to plot some polygons (with a list of pooints) and i would like to set a center in order to plot it in another graph

if anyone has any answer thank you !! that would be very helpful !!

Sorry – I don’t quite follow your question. This post (https://deparkes.co.uk/2015/02/28/how-to-find-the-centre-of-a-polygon-in-python/) talks about finding the centre of a polygon – was there something else you were trying to do?

Thank you for your response

I have a set of coordinates to build a polygon but it’s not a the right place on the graph. So i would like to move it only according to a new centroid.

i don’t know if i’m clear

in fact the question is can we move a polygon only by changing its centroid ?

As far as I can tell, I think you would probably need to adjust the coordinates of each of the points individually, by the amount you want to shift the centroid by. The centroid is typically a derived property of the ponits making up the

polygon, rather than being something that defines the points of the

polygon.

Depending on any packages you are using for plotting your polygons, there may be a short cut in how you do this, but behind the scenes I think it will just be doing an offset. You might have some luck looking into Shapely transform: http://toblerity.org/shapely/manual.html#shapely.ops.transform or translate: http://toblerity.org/shapely/manual.html#affine-transformations